Installing Radiance in Ubuntu 7.10- Step-by-Step guide - 2nd Draft

Hi Bernd,

Thanks for your input. I have updated the guide with your recommended procedure and a few more references. Kindly let me know if its OK.

Thanks and regards,

Install Radiance R3.9 in Ubuntu (7.10) Gutsy Gibbon



A step-by-step guide (2nd Draft)
Rev.1 : Included Bernd's routine for installation as recommended procedure.
        Added references as to why errors occuring. Given link to Greg's
        message suggesting workaround for the same.

Dec 29, 2008

First, I am a relatively new user of Radiance and Ubuntu. I would like to help

newbies like me to get Radiance working on Ubuntu Gutsy Gibbon with as little
pain as possible.

a) For using Radiance on older machines.
b) I find Ubuntu 7.10 perfect for my needs and am reluctant to upgrade to Ubuntu 8.10.

There may be others like me, so this small guide is intended for them.

We will install Radiance from source, but there are alternatives though like:

1) change your distro or upgrade to Ubuntu 8.10
2) try intrepid (Ubuntu 8.10) packages by using backports

Binary files for Ubuntu 8.10 are available for download at the following site:

3) get live CD, learnix-2008-1_beta.iso (which uses Ubuntu 8.10) from:

4) Bernd Zeimetz (Debian GNU/Linux Developer) has recommended a faster way to
   compile Radiance. Try this first as it is given by a power user. I am
   reproducing his message with the installation routine from the archives
   at the end of this file [1].

If that fails then try what I did:

OK, let's start the process to compile radiance from source package:

First Step:

We need to download the required packages and their dependencies to compile using

synaptic package manager [2]:

- tcsh
- libtiff
- g++
- g++4.1
- tcl8.5
- tk8.4
- libc6-dev
- libx11-dev

or type following in terminal:
# sudo apt-get install tcsh libtiff g++ g++4.1 tcl8.5 tk8.4 libc6-dev libx11-dev

Depending on your internet connection and your machine this may take some time.

Second Step:

Prepare the Radiance for compiling
Create a directory in your HOME directory:
# mkdir build

Change the working directory to it:
# cd build

Download Radiance sources:
# wget

Unpack it:
# tar -xvf rad3R9all.tar.gz

Change the working directory to the source directory:
# cd ray

Third Step:
Compiling it:
This generates the necessary files and checks your system:

#sudo tcsh makeall install

Give following answers to the queries generated by the install script:
Q1. Default editor [vi]?
Ans: y

Q2. Install to location usr/local/bin:
Ans. y

Q3. Read the license agreement ...
Ans. Scroll down using space bar. At the end it will ask:
   q. Do you agree [n]:
   ans. y

Q4. Type of install? Choose from Sun, Sparc, Linux, etc.
    Linux is listed at number 6
Ans. 6

Q5. Copy library files to 'usr/local/lib/ray'?
Ans. y

Q6. Install library files now?
Ans. y

Q7. Current rmake command is
    Do you want to change it?
Ans. n

The programs and libraries are copied to usr/local/bin and
usr/local/lib/ray respectively.

The environment variable Raypath is automatically set.

If all goes well you will have a working installation of Radiance.

1) In my case, the installation ended with the message
   "there were some errors"
   As far as I was able to make out, this was because:

   - libtiff was not compiled due to some compiler sanity check [3]

   - However, since latest libtiff was already downloaded and installed in
     first Step in Ubuntu, this did not cause a problem.

2) Some binary files from installation directory:

     i.e. /build/ray/src/px

     like macbethcal, pcomb, pfilt, ra-bmp, ... ttyimage, etc.
     were not automatically copied to the /usr/local/bin directory.

     - So I manually copied the files using the nautilus file manager
       as root by using the following command:

       sudo nautilus

    Note: copy the files whose icons are a rotated square with gears
          to the /usr/local/bin directory

3) The developers of Radiance are aware of the above problem.
   Greg has suggested an alternative to remove the error [4]

4) For more details about the errors please refer to a file
    named as config.log. You can search for this file from the desktop
                Search for files (with magnifying glass icon)

    The config.log file in my case was located at:


I hope that this guide is helpful. It has been written with the best of intentions.

There may be errors, so I request advanced users to kindly review it and update the


Wishing you all the best.

Bernds' Installation Routine

Type the following steps as given by Bernd in Terminal to make a backport of radiance
packages from Debian's Lenny/testing or Hardy (or upgrade to Hardy). Its not tested but
hopefully should work:

sudo apt-get install devscripts fakeroot build-essential
sudo apt-get install debhelper libtiff4-dev libx11-dev libglu1-mesa-dev \
                          libxext-dev quilt tcsh docbook-to-man ed tk8.4

dget -x \

cd radiance-3R9+20080530
dpkg-buildpackage -uc -us -rfakeroot
cd ..
sudo dpkg -i radiance*.deb




----- Original Message ----- From: "Bernd Zeimetz" <[email protected]>
To: "Radiance general discussion" <[email protected]>
Sent: Sunday, December 28, 2008 1:19 AM
Subject: Re: [Radiance-general] Installing Radiance in Ubuntu 7.10- Step-by-Step guide


you've spent a lot of work for something that would be much more simple by
doing a backport of the package. Have a look into
Message-ID: <[email protected]>
as posted by me on Thu, 18 Sep 2008 14:52:21 +0200



Bernd Zeimetz Debian GNU/Linux Developer
GPG Fingerprint: 06C8 C9A2 EAAD E37E 5B2C BE93 067A AD04 C93B FF79

Radiance-general mailing list
[email protected]